The Kalashnikov MR1 rifle is produced by Kalashnikov concern for civilian markets. It can be used for hunting, target and sport shooting. This rifle is based on the Chukavin SVCh sniper rifle, which also produced by Kalashnikov concern. Kalashnikov MR1 rifle was first introduced to Russian audience at Army-2018 expo in Moscow. Sales of the first, limited production run of the Kalashnikov MR1 rifle were announced in early 2020.
Kalashnikov MR1 rifle is produced in two most popular ‘medium power’ rifle calibers available in Russia, the 7.62x54R and .308 Winchester. It is a gas operated, semi-automatic weapon with short stroke gas system and manual gas regulator. Barrel locking is achieved by a rotating bolt with three radial lugs.
Rifle features an “inverted U” shaped receiver made of steel, which provides solid and stable platform for integrated Picatinny rail on the top. A separate trigger and magazine housing unit is made from aluminum alloy and is attached to the bottom of the receiver via two cross-pins. Disassembly is effected by removal of the trigger housing, so bolt group can be withdrawn from the bottom of the receiver, leaving sights on the top unaffected. Manual safety is conveniently located on either side of the gun, charging handle is on the left.
Rifle in each caliber can be offered in two versions, with long (53 cm) barrel or with short (41cm) barrel. All barrels feature chrome-lined bore and chamber and have muzzle thread for simpel installation of various muzzle brakes and flash hiders. According to the Russian weapons law, short-barreled versions of the MR1 rifle feature fixed shoulder stock of skeletonized design, which can be precisely adjusted for length of pull and position of the buttpad. Long-barreled rifles feature polymer side-folding stocks of new design, which also are adjustable for length of pull (in several steps).
In 7.62x54R-chambered versions, Kalashnikov MR1 rifle uses magazines compatible with Dragunov SVD sniper rifle. In .308win versions, rifle uses proprietary 10-round magazines made from polymer. All versions feature automatic bolt hold-open device.