Glisenti M1910, Brixia M1913


Glisenti M1910 pistol

 


Glisenti M1910 pistol

 

 


Brixia M1913 pistol

 


Brixia M1913 pistol

 

 

Data for Glisenti M1910 pistol

Trigger type

Single action

Caliber

9×19 Glisenti

Weight, empty

0.8 kg

Length

206 mm

Barrel length

95 mm

Capacity

7 rounds

 

The Glisenti M1910 pistol (official name Pistola Automatica Modello 910) was designed by Italian army officer Bethel Abiel Revelli in around 1905 for Italian gun-making company Fabbrica d’Armi Glisenti. In 1907 the design and tooling for this gun were sold to Metallurgica Bresciana gia Tempini (MBT). Originally produced in 7.65mm caliber, this pistol was tested by Italian Army, and, after certain modifications (including the caliber increase to 9mm) it was formally adopted by Italian army. A total of about 33,000 Glisenti M1910 pistols were produced by MBT. Thee pistols were used by Italian army during World War 1 and were mostly phased out of service by the start of the WW2.

 

The Brixia M1913 (official name Pistola Automatica Modello 913 tipo Regia Marina) evolved from the Glisenti M1910, but it had numerous small changes so not a single part of M1913 is compatible with M1910 pistol, and vice versa. The Brixia M1913 pistol is slightly more streamlined in appearance, and many parts were simplified and strengthened. Developed for Italian Navy (Regia Marina), few Brixia M1913 pistols were also produced for civilian market. About 5,000 of the Brixia M1913 pistols were delivered to Navy in 1913-14.

 

An important note about ammunition for Glisenti M1910 and Brixia M1913 pistols: their 9mm Glisenti ammunition was dimensionally similar to ubiquitous 9×19 Luger / Parabellum ammunition, but it was loaded to lower pressures due to relatively weak design of the M1910 pistol. Loading and firing any 9×19 Luger ammunition in these pistols could result in serious problems, including physical damage to the gun and to the shooter. From a pistol, 9mm Glisenti round developed muzzle velocity of about 320m/s with 8gram bullet.

 

The Glisenti M1910 pistol is short recoil operated, locked breech pistol. It has a separate bolt (breechblock) of rectangular cross-section which moves inside square-shaped receiver (barrel extension) and protrudes at the rear. Barrel locking is achieved by a vertical lever, positioned on the frame which interacts with the barrel extension and the bolt. Pistol is striker-fired, with unusual “turn-key” manual safety located at the rear of the bolt. Automated manual safety was built into the front strap of the pistol grip (Brixia M1913 pistols had no grip safety). An unusual feature of the gun was than entire left side plate of the frame could be easily removed by unscrewing the retaining screw at in front and above the trigger guard. This simplified disassembly and maintenance but also noticeably weakened the design. Gun was fed from detachable single stack magazines holding 7 rounds of ammunition each.

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