Caliber: 5,45×39 mm
Action: Gas operated, rotating bolt with 2 lugs
Overall length: 735 mm (490 mm with foldedbuttstock)
Barrel length: 210 mm
Magazine capacity, 30 rounds standard
Weight empty: 2,71 kg
Effective range: about 200 meters
Rate of fire: 650-735 rounds per minute
The AKS-74U short assault rifle (the "U" suffix means"Ukorochennyj" in Russian = "Shortened" in English) has been developed in the late 1970s from the AKS-74 assault rifle. The AKS-74U was intended as a personal defense weapon for tank, gun, helicopter and other vehicle crews,and for the special operations forces, which required compact but relatively powerful individual automatic weapon. The AKS-74U has the size and effective range of a typical submachine gun, but has advantage of the general issue,assault rifle ammunition and magazines, as well as the parts interchangeability with the general issue assault rifle, the AK-74. Since its introduction the AKS-74U, unofficially known as a "Ksyukha" (variation of a Russian woman name) or "okurok" (cigarette stub),also had been issued to various Police and other Law Enforcement forces acres the USSR and the Post-USSR countries, including Russia. Interestingly,the AKS-74U is known in the USA as the "Krinkov" – a name, apparently devised by Afghani Mujaheddins during Soviet invasion to the Afghanistan in 1980s. The AKS-74U is somewhat popular among its users due to its compact size,which allows it to be carried in the cars and even concealed under the clothes.On the other side, its effective range of fire is greatly limited by the poor accuracy at ranges beyond 150-200 meters, while the bullet itself remains lethal at much greater ranges. The AKS-74U also known for its tendency for rapid overheating when firing in bursts. A special version of the AKS-74Uhad been developed for the Special Forces (Spetsnaz), which could befitted with quickly detachable silencer and a special 30mm silenced grenade launcher model BS-1 "Tishina" ("silence"). The launcher uses special HE-DPgrenades, which are launched using special blank cartridges, stored in the box magazine, contained in the launcher pistol grip.
It must be noted that the sole Russian manufacturer of AKS-74U assault rifles, the Tula Arms factory (TOZ) has ceased its production circa 1997. No new AKS-74U assault rifles were produced in Russia since the turn of 21st century. Worn out rifles are gradually replaced in service by slighly larger, but more modern 5.45mm AK-105 assault rifles.
The AKS-74U has only minor differences from the basic AKS-74 assault rifle, which will describe below. For the technical description of the AK-74 and AKS-74,please refer to the appropriate article at this site.
AKS-74U has a severely shortened barrel, with the gas chamber moved back and appropriately cut down gas piston rod. Since the portion of the barrel after the gas port is very short, a special muzzle device was designed, which is used as a flash hider and the gas expansion chamber (to achieve reliable gas operated action). The front sight base is lowered, and the standard adjustable rear sight is replaced by the flip-up rear (marked for 200 and 400 meters distance), mounted on the receiver cover. The receiver cover is hinged to the receiver at the front and flips up when opened (original AK-74 receiver cover is detachable). Otherwise the AKS-74Uis similar to the AKS-74, it has same controls, folding buttstock,and uses same magazines. AKS-74U cannot be fitted with bayonet. Some versions had a standard side-mounted rail for the night or red-dot scopes, and are known as AKS-74UN.